Saturday, September 5, 2009

From the Beach to the Cliff

A L O H A!
Come On In. . .
click on photos to tavel through history
Kamehameha the Great (the 'lonely one') invaded Oahu in 1795

On his deathbed, King Kamehameha the Great said:
"I have given you -- the greatest good: peace. And a kingdom which -- is all one -- a kingdom of all the islands."

Hard to believe that this peaceful coast has seen invasion
by a fleet of war canoes.

“Then on the shore
Of the wide world I stand alone, and think
Till love and fame to nothingness do sink”
John Keats

Snack Break!

"...the avocado is a food without rival among the fruits,
the veritable fruit of paradise."
David Fairchild

"I'm standing for my ancestors"

"To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born
is to remain perpetually a child. For what is the worth of a human life unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?"
Marcus Tullius Cicero

Their bones LIVE!
"If you could see humanity spread out in time, as God sees it, it would look like one single growing thing--rather like a very complicated tree. Every individual would appear connected with every other."
- C. S. Lewis

"Those who do not look upon themselves as a link, connecting the past with the future, do not perform their duty to the world."
Daniel Webster

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In 1790 (20 years before his 1810 unification the Islands) Kamehameha invited Englishmen John Young and Isaac Davis to join his forces, even welcoming them to marry into his family. Both men were regarded as "Ali`i or chiefs, and are today interred at Mauna Ala, the Royal Mausoleum. (Non-natives continued to intermarry, assimilate and contribute to the multi-cultural Kingdom of Hawaii.)

Kamehameha's last great battle was fought on O'ahu in 1795 at Nu'uanu Pali. (TOP)
There his invading army defeated O'ahu's
King Kalanikupule;
ultimately driving hundreds
(perhaps even thousands) of Oahu defenders to the edge
of the famous precipice.

The Big Island and Maui invaders had the decided advantage of cannons and guns wielded by Englishmen and a specially trained cadre of Hawaiian warriors. Spears, shark tooth daggers, and other traditional stone-age weapons (some now tipped with metal) were also used in the battle, of course.

Kalanikupule's men (and few women) warriors who were not killed outright either jumped or were pushed over the edge, tumbling to their deaths on the rocky cliffs far below. The most famous remembrance of that event is the huge oil painting by artist Herb Kane shown above.

No one knows the final resting place of the
"Napolean of the Pacific."
Kamehameha's bones were entrusted to a family retainer who hid them on his Big Island of Hawaii in the old fashion.
The bones, or iwi, are held to possess great Mana, or spiritual power. They are hidden in caves so that enemies may not use the bones in rituals. A descendant of that trusted retainer guards the Royal Mausoleum to this day.
A L O H A! Cloudia